STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE SITUATION
To Improve Leader-Member Relations:
1. Clearly understand group problems and try to alleviate them. 2. Become more available to workers (e.g. consultation, feedback). 3. Provide accurate information on the organization so their confidence and trust is earned. 4. Hold feedback (and gripe) sessions. 5. Hold regular meetings to keep people more informed and involved. 6. Promote brown bag lunches, socials, leisure activities. 7. Provide celebrations for task completion. 8. Accept assignments to work with more difficult individuals ("problem people," motivation, etc.) 9. Organize off-work activities such as picnics, softball, excursions. 10. Request particular individuals to work on projects. 11. Suggest or effect transfers in/out of unit. 12. Raise morale by obtaining positive outcomes for subordinates (e.g. special bonuses, time off, attractive jokes, etc.)
To Increase Task Structure:
1. Request more structured tasks or more detailed instructions. 2. Request more tasks; learn all you can through training and experience about the task so you can develop more detailed plans. 3. Break a task into smaller subtasks. 4. Volunteer for structured tasks; avoid unstructured ones. 5. Develop procedures, guidelines, SOP, diagrams, outlines, descriptions of previous jobs. 6. Keep records, systematic observations, note patterns, cycles.
To Reduce Task Structure:
1. Request new, unusual problems with permission to figure out how to do solve them. 2. Involve the group in problem solving and decision making on the task or problems. 3. Leave the task in vague form. 4. Increase the time horizon (which usually increases ambiguity or complexity). 5. Volunteer for unstructured tasks and avoid structured ones. 6. Involve people with different viewpoints. 7. Work on tasks that have path multiplicity (multiple ways of approaching or solving them).
To Increase Position Power:
1. Demonstrate authority by exercising full authorized powers. 2. Quickly become an expert. 3. Evaluate subordinates' performance. 4. No not depend on others to assert yourself in informing, planning, and organizing. 5. Arrange for information to be channeled through you. 6. Use the cultural trappings of power (desk, secretary, wardrobe, etc.)
To Decrease Position Power:
1. Be one of the gang, socialize, joke, self disclosure, play down trappings and rank. 2. Share decision making by involving others in planning. 3. Give others access to your boss. 4. Let information from the organization quickly reach all group members. 5. Delegate and distribute power. 6. Promote team and individual development and expertise.